In preparing to reconstruct the history of human groups and the various aspects of their culture, historians and anthropologists customarily gather data from living informats, from observed behavior, from written documents and from behavioral products gleaned from the present and the past. But these opportunities are not afforded to the study of prehistoric cultures. Archaeology is not so much a self-contained discipline as it is a system of specialized techniques and methods for the acquisition and interpretation of data. The process of archaeological operations must focus attention on basic theoretical concepts and the relevant premises of historical and anthropological sciences. Therefore, there probably cannot be a single conceptual framework of archaeology underlying all of its manifold operations. This volume consists of eleven papers written on various aspects of archeaology and specifically settlement study.